The Expanding World of Poverty Capitalism Thomas B. Edsall, NY Times, 8/26/14
In Orange County, Calif., the probation department's "supervised electronic confinement program," which monitors the movements of low-risk offenders, has been outsourced to a private company, Sentinel Offender Services. The company, by its own account, oversees case management, including breath alcohol and drug-testing services, "all at no cost to county taxpayers."
Sentinel makes its money by getting the offenders on probation to pay for the company's services. Charges can range from $35 to $100 a month.....
Sentinel is a part of the expanding universe of poverty capitalism. In this unique sector of the economy, costs of essential government services are shifted to the poor.
In terms of food, housing and other essentials, the cost of being poor has always been exorbitant. Landlords, grocery stores and other commercial enterprises have all found ways to profit from those at the bottom of the ladder.
The recent drive toward privatization of government functions has turned traditional public services into profit-making enterprises as well.....
As N.P.R. reported in May, services that "were once free, including those that are constitutionally required," are now frequently billed to offenders: the cost of a public defender, room and board when jailed, probation and parole supervision, electronic monitoring devices, arrest warrants, drug and alcohol testing, and D.N.A. sampling. This can go to extraordinary lengths: in Washington state, N.P.R. found, offenders even "get charged a fee for a jury trial — with a 12-person jury costing $250, twice the fee for a six-person jury."
This new system of offender-funded law enforcement creates a vicious circle: The poorer the defendants are, the longer it will take them to pay off the fines, fees and charges; the more debt they accumulate, the longer they will remain on probation or in jail; and the more likely they are to be unemployable and to become recidivists.....
Last year, Ferguson, Mo., the site of recent protests over the shooting of Michael Brown, used escalating municipal court fines to pay 20.2 percent of the city's $12.75 million budget. Just two years earlier, municipal court fines had accounted for only 12.3 percent of the city's revenues.....--
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